Appeal by defendant from Alexander (Elreta M.), Judge. Judgment entered 21 November 1978 in District Court, Guilford County. Heard in the Court of Appeals 27 September 1979.
Martin (Harry C.), Judge. Judges Hedrick and Clark concur.
There are no exceptions in the record other than the following:
Now Comes the Defendant, Elvin L. Bethea in apt time, and objects and excepts to the findings of fact and the conclusion of law entered in the above-entitled cause on the 21st day of November, 1978, and from the judgment entered thereon, the defendant objects and gives Notice of Appeal to the Court of Appeals of North Carolina.
Assuming arguendo that the above constitutes an effective exception to the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law, defendant did not bring forth in the record any of the testimony or evidence in the case. Therefore, the findings of fact are deemed to be supported by competent evidence and are conclusive on appeal. In re Housing Authority, 233 N.C. 649, 65 S.E.2d 761 (1951); Carter v. Carter, 232 N.C. 614, 61 S.E.2d 711 (1950); Christie v. Powell, 15 N.C. App. 508, 190 S.E.2d 367, cert. denied, 281 N.C. 756, 191 S.E.2d 361 (1972).
The appeal does raise for consideration whether the judgment is supported by the findings of fact and conclusions of law and whether the court had jurisdiction of the subject matter. Rule 10(a), North Carolina Rules of Appellate Procedure.
Defendant's motion to dismiss on the basis of a prior action pending is a plea in abatement and not a challenge to the jurisdiction of the court. Houghton v. Harris, 243 N.C. 92, 89 S.E.2d 860 (1955); Reece v. Reece, 231 N.C. 321, 56 S.E.2d 641 (1949). The objection may be waived. Flynt v. Flynt, 237 N.C. 754, 75 S.E.2d 901 (1953). Here, defendant appeared at the 16 October hearing and failed to object to the proceeding. He did not move in abatement or raise the question of prior action pending; instead, he made motions in the case, including a motion to continue, and entered into agreements to produce certain documentary evidence before trial. The case was continued on defendant's motion. Defendant waived any objection he had by reason of a prior action pending. Id.; Rhoney v. Sigmon, 43 N.C. App. 11, 257 S.E.2d 691 (1979); Bass v. Bass, 43 N.C. App. 212, 258 S.E.2d 391 (1979). Additionally, defendant failed to include the pleadings in the prior case as a part of the record on appeal, so this Court is unable to determine whether it raises the same issues as the case at bar. The court properly denied this motion.
In reviewing the order we find that it is supported by findings of fact and conclusions of law. Orders for child support are
not permanent and may be modified upon proof of a substantial change in circumstances. Crosby v. Crosby, 272 N.C. 235, 158 S.E.2d 77 (1967); Searl v. Searl, 34 N.C. App. 583, 239 S.E.2d 305 (1977). The facts found showed a substantial change in the condition of the parties since the prior order of 9 June 1975. Plaintiff no longer receives alimony from defendant; plaintiff has gone to work and must have help in tending to the minor child; the child is now in the public schools and requires additional funds for lunches, clothes and medical attention; defendant's income has increased from $38,000 in 1974 to $135,000 in 1977; defendant is remarried and has another child; plaintiff has been required to accept money from her family and to borrow money to properly support the child. Plaintiff has requested the defendant to increase the support payment several times and he has refused.
The facts found are sufficient to justify conclusions of law as to the reasonable needs of the child, the ability of defendant to pay and the prior expenditures on behalf of the child. Crosby v. Crosby, supra; Steele v. Steele, 36 N.C. App. 601, 244 S.E.2d 466 (1978); Montgomery v. Montgomery, 32 N.C. App. 154, 231 S.E.2d 26 (1977). The amount ordered as child support is commensurate with the needs of the child and the ability of the defendant to meet those needs. Holt v. Holt, 29 N.C. App. 124, 223 S.E.2d 542 (1976).
The amount ordered is in the discretion of the court and will not be disturbed absent manifest abuse of discretion. Williams v. Williams, 261 N.C. 48, 134 S.E.2d 227 (1964); Wyatt v. Wyatt, 32 N.C. App. 162, 231 S.E.2d 42 (1977). What constitutes necessities depends upon the facts and circumstances of the particular case. They include food, clothing, lodging, medical care and proper education. They are not limited to those things which are absolutely necessary to sustain life, but extend to articles that are reasonably necessary for the proper and suitable maintenance of the child in view of his social station in life, the customs of the social circle in which he lives or is likely to live and the fortune possessed by him and his parents. Barger v. Finance Corp., 221 N.C. 64, 18 S.E.2d 826 (1942). See N.C. Trial ...