Appeal by plaintiff from DeRamus, Judge. Judgment entered 12 September 1980 in Superior Court, Forsyth County. Heard in the Court of Appeals 29 May 1981.
Hill, Judge. Judges Martin (Robert M.) and Arnold concur.
By his first assignment of error, plaintiff contends the trial judge erred in striking an expert witness's response to a hypothetical question regarding the probable effect of alcohol on the defendant's ability to drive. While it may have been error for the court to exclude the expert's opinion, the error was harmless. Plaintiff's expert earlier had given extensive testimony in response to hypothetical questions regarding the effect of alcohol on defendant's nighttime vision, judgment, coordination, attention span, and reaction time. The exclusion of testimony cannot be held prejudicial when the same witness has just testified to facts with substantially the same meaning. Terrell v. Insurance Co., 269 N.C. 259, 152 S.E.2d 196 (1967). The same rationale applies to opinion testimony. Plaintiff's first assignment of error is overruled.
In his second assignment of error, plaintiff argues that the trial judge erred in his instruction to the jury, and ruling as a matter of law, that there was insufficient evidence to indicate that defendant had consumed sufficient intoxicants to visibly or appreciably impair his driving ability, or that he was driving under the influence at the time of the collision. The portion of the judge's charge to which objection is made is as follows:
Both the plaintiff and the defendants have introduced evidence which tends to show that the defendant, Patrick O'Brien, had consumed alcoholic beverages prior to the collision. [There is no sufficient evidence to indicate that drinking visibly or appreciably impaired Patrick O'Brien's driving ability at any time prior to reaching the general area of the collision.]
[The evidence is legally insufficient for you to find that he was driving under the influence.]
[The plaintiff has introduced evidence which tends to show that Patrick O'Brien's driving ability was somewhat impaired in various ways, and that he had a blood alcohol content of .06 percent by weight at approximately 3:15 a.m. on January 7, 1979. On the other hand, the defendant has introduced evidence which tends to show that Patrick Shelley O'Brien was sober, and that he had manifested no effect from three or four 12-ounce beers consumed by him in the evening hours prior to approximately 10:30 P.M. on January 6, 1979. You may consider evidence relative to Patrick O'Brien's drinking and the effect, if any, on his driving as a part of all the circumstances existing on the occasion in question in deciding what a reasonably careful and prudent person would or would not have done.]
The record reveals defendant had a party at his apartment during the early part of the evening on which the accident occurred. Defendant had consumed three or four 12-ounce beers between 5:30 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. The accident occurred at 1:15 a.m. Trooper Smith arrived at the scene some 20 minutes thereafter. Smith testified that when he and defendant started from one patrol car to the other, he smelled alcohol on defendant; he knew by his appearance defendant had been drinking before he smelled anything on him. Defendant's pupils were dilated, and he fell to the ground when he got out of the trooper's car. Trooper Smith further testified that "I told him [defendant] that in my opinion . . . he was not under the influence of an alcoholic beverage per se by law statute but it was also my opinion that he was close." Defendant consented to a blood test for alcohol which was administered at 3:15 a.m., some two hours after the accident. The test showed an alcohol content of .06.
Dr. Evan Ashby observed defendant at the hospital after the accident and was of the opinion that defendant was not under the influence. Bayne McConnell, who was at the apartment, testified defendant exhibited no visible signs of alcohol effect. Defendant denied any effects of alcohol at the time he left his apartment to go to the Linda Rhyne home.
Plaintiff contends that defendant was guilty of culpable conduct in that he operated his vehicle upon a public highway recklessly after consuming intoxicating liquor that directly affected
his driving. Plaintiff thereby alleges a violation of G.S. 20-140(c), ...