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Campbell v. United States

United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Charlotte Division

February 20, 2014

GARFIELD D. CAMPBELL, Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.

ORDER

FRANK D. WHITNEY, District Judge.

THIS MATTER comes before the Court on Petitioner's pro se Motion for Reconsideration of this Court's prior Order dismissing Petitioner's 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence. (Doc. No. 15). Petitioner filed the pending motion for reconsideration pursuant to Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, seeking to have this Court review the Court's Order dismissing Petitioner's 28 U.S.C. § 2255 petition in which he raised a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel. For the reasons that follow, the Court finds that the motion for reconsideration is an unauthorized, successive petition.

Under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A), "[b]efore a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e) allows motions to amend or alter a judgment if the movant shows either an intervening change in the controlling law, new evidence that was not available at trial, or that there has been a clear error of law or manifest injustice. Robinson v. Wix Filtration Corp., LLC , 599 F.3d 403, 407 (4th Cir. 2010). A Rule 59(e) motion to alter or amend a judgment must be construed in the same way as a Rule 60(b) motion for relief from judgment for the purpose of determining whether the motion is a successive petition. United States v. Pedraza , 466 F.3d 932, 933-34 (10th Cir. 2006) (holding that Rule 59(e) motions must be construed like Rule 60(b) motions in the second or successive habeas context)).

Where a petitioner seeks relief from a judgment under Rule 60(b) on grounds other than a clerical mistake, courts must treat such a motion as seeking successive post-conviction relief when failing to do so would allow the applicant to evade the bar against relitigation of claims presented in a prior application or the bar against litigation of claims not presented in a prior application. United States v. Winestock , 340 F.3d 200, 206 (4th Cir. 2003) (requiring district courts to review Rule 60(b) motions to determine whether such motions are tantamount to a § 2255 motion); see also Alley v. Bell , 101 F.Supp.2d 588, 669 (W.D. Tenn. 2000), aff'd, 307 F.3d 380 (6th Cir. 2002) (stating that where a Rule 59(e) motion reiterates claims previously rejected, it falls within the category of cases proscribed by the successive petition doctrine).

With regard to Rule 60(b) motions that are actually attempts at successive collateral review, the Fourth Circuit has stated that:

a motion directly attacking the prisoner's conviction or sentence will usually amount to a successive application, while a motion seeking a remedy for some defect in the collateral review process will generally be deemed a proper motion to reconsider.

Id. at 207. See also Gonzalez v. Crosby , 545 U.S. 524, 531-33 (2005) (concluding that a Rule 60(b) motion for relief from judgment that directly challenges the underlying conviction constitutes a successive § 2254 petition).

Here, because Petitioner's instant motion for reconsideration attacks the validity and length of his sentence, as opposed to asserting a defect in the integrity of the habeas proceeding, it is in effect a successive petition, and Petitioner must obtain prior authorization to file such petition, just as a Rule 60(b) would be subject to prior authorization. Thus, Petitioner must first obtain an order from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit before this Court will consider any second or successive petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Petitioner has not shown that he has obtained the permission of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit to file a successive petition. Accordingly, the motion for reconsideration must be denied and dismissed as an unauthorized, successive petition.[1]

IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that:

1. Petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration, (Doc. No. 15), is DENIED as an unauthorized, successive § 2255 petition.
2. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that pursuant to Rule 11(a) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 and Section 2255 Cases, this Court declines to issue a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2); Miller-El v. Cockrell , 537 U.S. 322, 338 (2003) (in order to satisfy § 2253(c), a petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong); Slack v. McDaniel , 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000) (when relief is denied on procedural grounds, a petitioner must establish both that the dispositive procedural ruling is debatable and that the petition states a debatable claim of the denial of a constitutional right).

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