Elizabeth R. BOTTS, Plaintiff,
Mark David TIBBENS and Alicia Tibbens, Defendants.
Heard in the Court of Appeals 9 January 2014.
Appeal by defendant Mark Tibbens from Judgment entered 7 February 2013 by Judge Michael Rivers Morgan in Superior Court, Durham County, and from Order entered 9 March 2012 by Judge Paul G. Gessner
in Superior Court, Durham County.
Berman & Associates, Durham, by Gary K. Berman, for plaintiff-appellee.
Cheshire & Parker, Hillsborough, by D. Michael Parker, for defendant-appellant.
Mark Tibbens (" defendant" ) appeals from a judgment entered on 7 February 2013 awarding Elizabeth Botts (" plaintiff" ) $32,331.72 for breach of contract and from an order granting plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on several affirmative defenses
raised by defendant. We affirm both the summary judgment order and the judgment.
In 2000, defendant purchased a 61.7 acre tract of land in Orange County. He later decided to subdivide the tract and, in 2007, signed an " Offer to Purchase and Contract" along with his wife, Alicia Tibbens, and plaintiff, wherein plaintiff offered to purchase 15 acres of land for $75,000. Plaintiff intended to build a home for herself on the land, but first needed a septic system installed. On 16 January 2008, the parties closed on their land purchase agreement and entered into a " Septic System Installation Agreement." Defendant's wife did not sign the installation agreement. In the installation agreement, defendant agreed to " install the septic system" for plaintiff's property and he agreed to " be responsible for all labor and job supervision associated with the installation." Plaintiff agreed to supply all necessary materials, rental equipment, and fuel for the project up to $10,000. Defendant agreed to be responsible for costs in excess of $10,000.
Defendant began the process of installing the septic system by consulting with others in the business and arranging for plaintiff's system to be designed and engineered by Summit Consulting, PLLC. Summit began its portion of the work in March 2008 and finished around February 2010. In February 2010, defendant's attorney sent plaintiff a letter informing her that defendant was not a licensed contractor and that, as a result, he could not lawfully construct her septic system. It further asserted that the installation agreement was unenforceable and void. In response, plaintiff hired a septic company to install her system. The new company charged her $33,500 for its services.
On or about 9 March 2010, plaintiff filed a complaint against defendant and his wife alleging breach of contract and seeking damages for breach of the installation agreement. Plaintiff filed an amended complaint on 11 January 2011 adding a claim of unjust enrichment against Alicia Tibbens. Defendant answered, raising affirmative defenses of impossibility, illegality, and laches. After discovery, plaintiff moved for partial summary judgment on the affirmative defenses raised by defendant. The trial court granted plaintiff's motion by order entered 9 March 2012, finding no genuine issue of material fact and concluding that plaintiff was entitled to judgment as a matter of law on the affirmative defenses.
The case was tried on 17 and 18 December 2012 by the superior court judge sitting without a jury. The trial court entered its judgment, which contained findings of fact and conclusions of law, on 7 February 2013. It found that defendant had breached the installation agreement and that he owed plaintiff $32,331.72 in damages for the total cost of her septic system installation, $42,331.72, less the $10,000 she had agreed to spend on it. The trial court found that plaintiff had failed to prove that Alicia Tibbens was a party to the agreement and that she should also be liable for the breach. Defendant filed written notice of appeal to this Court on 5 March 2013.
II. Impossibility and Illegality
Defendant first contends that the trial court erred in granting plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on the defenses of impossibility and illegality. We conclude that the trial court correctly granted summary judgment to plaintiff on these defenses because the ...