United States District Court, E.D. North Carolina, Southern Division
May 22, 2014
ROBERT TODD MARSH, Petitioner,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondents.
LOUISE W. FLANAGAN, District Judge.
Petitioner filed a motion to amend/correct sentence and motion to supplement regarding the same (DE 28, 30), pertaining to a judgment entered September 19, 2013, under which petitioner was sentenced to a term of 131 months imprisonment.
Although petitioner states that he has filed his motion pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 52, he is in fact attacking the legality of his conviction and sentence. The legality of one's conviction and sentence must be challenged under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 unless "the remedy by motion [under § 2255] is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention." 28 U.S.C. § 2255; see In re Vial , 115 F.3d 1192, 1194 (4th Cir. 1997) (en banc); see also Diaz Hernandez v. United States, 5:03-CR-228-FL, 2006 WL 4291994 *1 (E.D. N.C. Apr. 19, 2006) aff'd, 204 F.Appx. 221 (4th Cir. 2006) (noting that the court "notified petitioner of its intent to recharacterize his Rule 52(b) motion as an attempt to file a motion under § 2255"). The Fourth Circuit has examined the prerequisites for finding that § 2255 is an inadequate or ineffective remedy. See In re Jones , 226 F.3d 328, 333-34 (4th Cir. 2000). In Jones, the court held that:
§ 2255 is inadequate and ineffective to test the legality of a conviction when: (1) at the time of the conviction, settled law of this circuit or the Supreme Court established the legality of the conviction; (2) subsequent to the prisoner's direct appeal and first § 2255 motion, the substantive law changed such that the conduct of which the prisoner was convicted is deemed not to be criminal; and (3) the prisoner cannot satisfy the gatekeeping provisions of § 2255 because the new rule is not one of constitutional law.
Id. Section 2255 is not rendered inadequate or ineffective merely because a petitioner is procedurally barred from filing a § 2255 motion. Vial , 115 F.3d at 1194.
Petitioner cannot satisfy the second prong of the Jones test because he has not filed a § 2255 petition. Because petitioner has not satisfied the criteria set forth in Jones for demonstrating that § 2255 is an "inadequate or ineffective remedy, " he must proceed with his claim pursuant to § 2255.
The court hereby provides petitioner with notice, pursuant to Castro v. United States , 540 U.S. 375 (2003), that it intends to recharacterize this motion, and the supplement thereto, as an attempt to file a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. The court also notifies petitioner of the § 2255 restrictions on second or successive motions, the one year period of limitations, and the four dates in § 2255 to be used in determining the starting date for the limitations period. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255.
The court hereby permits petitioner to file a response to the court's proposed recharacterization within fourteen (14) days from the date of this order. The court advises petitioner that if, within the time set by the court, petitioner agrees to have the motion, and the supplement thereto, recharacterized or does not respond in opposition to the recharacterization, the court shall consider the motion and the supplement thereto as a motion under § 2255 and shall consider it filed as of the date the original motion was filed. If, however, petitioner responds within the time set by the court but does not agree to have the motion recharacterized, the court will not treat it as a § 2255 motion but will dismiss this action without prejudice.
If petitioner agrees to or acquiesces in the recharacterization, the court shall permit amendments to the motion to the extent permitted by law. See United States v. Emmanuel , 288 F.3d 644, 649 (4th Cir. 2002) (noting that amendments to a § 2255 motion made after expiration of the one-year statute of limitations do not relate back to the original motion and are therefore untimely), overruled on other grounds by, United States v. Blackstock , 513 F.3d 128, 132-133 (4th Cir. 2008). Petitioner is advised that the format of any § 2255 motion must comply with Rule 2, Federal Rules Governing § 2255 Proceedings, and Local Civil Rule 81.2 of this court. All filings, including § 2255 motions on the correct form, must be submitted to: