United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Statesville Division
WILLIE T. BOBBITT, Plaintiff,
DAVID GUINN, et al., Defendants.
FRANK D. WHITNEY, District Judge.
THIS MATTER is before the Court on consideration of Plaintiff's pro se complaint which was filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. No. 1). See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a).
Plaintiff is a prisoner of the State of North Carolina and he is presently confined in the Alexander Correctional Institution within this district. According to the website of the North Carolina Department of Public Safety, Plaintiff is scheduled for release from custody on September 15, 2017.
In his complaint, Plaintiff alleges that on December 16, 2013, he was in a depressed mood and resolved to commit suicide by swallowing four pieces of metal. A few hours after ingesting the pieces he noticed that he was passing blood when he urinated and he declared an emergency sick call. Plaintiff provided a urine sample to Nurse Lane, and he was later examined by physician assistant (PA) David Guinn who proceeded to check his vital signs and his blood sugar. (5:14-cv-45, Doc. No. 1: Complaint at 3).
On December 17, 2013, Nurse Boltz obtained a second urine sample from Plaintiff and like the first sample, it contained traces of blood. However, Plaintiff complains that despite the presence of blood neither PA Guinn nor Dr. Kalinski wrote orders for further evaluation. (Id. at 4). Between December 16 and December 19, Plaintiff declared four medical emergencies, and he was given an X-ray on December 20, 2013. (Id.)
On January 13, 2013, Plaintiff filed a written grievance complaining about the treatment "orders" that Defendant Guinn failed to write after Plaintiff ingested the pieces of metal, and further, about the lack of orders that were written after Plaintiff was provided with an X-ray. In his grievance, Plaintiff states that Guinn "displayed bad judgement [sic] and unprofessionalism." ( Id., Doc. No. 7 at 1-2). In a written response dated January 29, 2011, the grievance examiner noted that a visit to the emergency room was not immediately recommended after the December 16th incident. Instead, the medical provider recommended that Plaintiff be evaluated further within the prison's medical system. The examiner further noted that the last sick call that Plaintiff submitted after his December 20th X-ray was on January 14, 2014, and this sick call concerned Plaintiff's "Dr. 2 shoes." (Id. at 4). Last, in the Step One response, the grievance examiner informed Plaintiff that if he was still experiencing issues then he should follow the sick call procedures. Plaintiff appealed and it was recommended in the Step Two response that Plaintiff's grievance be dismissed as without merit and his grievance was ultimately dismissed on his appeal in Step Three by written notification dated March 25, 2014. (Id. at 4-5).
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(A)(a), "[t]he court shall review... a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity." Following this initial review the "court shall identify cognizable claims or dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the complaint, if the complaint-(1) is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." Id . § 1915A(b)(1). In conducting this review, the Court must determine whether the complaint raises an indisputably meritless legal theory or is founded upon clearly baseless factual contentions, such as fantastic or delusional scenarios. Neitzke v. Williams , 490 U.S. 319, 327-28 (1989).
A pro se complaint must be construed liberally. Haines v. Kerner , 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972). However, the liberal construction requirement will not permit a district court to ignore a clear failure to allege facts in the complaint which set forth a claim that is cognizable under Federal law. Weller v. Dep't of Soc. Servs. , 901 F.2d 387, 391 (4th Cir. 1990).
In his § 1983 complaint, Plaintiff contends that he was not receiving appropriate medical treatment because medical providers within Alexander Correctional did not follow medical protocol after he allegedly ingested metal objects.
Claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 based on an alleged lack of or inappropriate medical treatment fall within the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. See Estelle v. Gamble , 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976). To state a claim under the Eighth Amendment, the plaintiff must show a "deliberate indifference to serious medical needs" of the inmate. Id . "Deliberate indifference requires a showing that the defendants actually knew of and disregarded a substantial risk of serious injury to the detainee or that they actually knew of and ignored a detainee's serious need for medical care." Young v. City of Mount Rainer , 238 F.3d 567, 575-76 (2001) (citing White ex rel. White v. Chambliss , 112 F.3d 731, 737 (4th Cir. 1997) ("A claim of deliberate indifference... implies at a minimum that defendants were plainly placed on notice of a danger and chose to ignore the danger notwithstanding the notice."). To be sure, "[a] delay in treatment may constitute deliberate indifference if the delay exacerbated the injury or unnecessarily prolonged an inmate's pain." Abraham v. McDonald , 493 F.Appx. 465, 466 (4th Cir. 2012) (per curiam) (quoting McGowan v. Hulick , 612 F.3d 636, 640 (7th Cir. 2010). See also Webb v. Hamidullah , 281 F.Appx. 159, 166 (4th Cir. 2008) (unpublished) ("Under the applicable legal principles, a significant delay in the treatment of a serious medical condition may, in the proper circumstances, indicate an Eighth Amendment violation.") (citing Estelle , 429 U.S. at 104-05) (a prisoner may make a showing of deliberate indifference by alleging that defendants were "intentionally denying or delaying access to medical care.").
Plaintiff notes, and the record demonstrates, that he was evaluated at least four times after he allegedly ingested the foreign objects: two urine screens, an examination by PA Guinn and an X-ray following his placing of the emergency sick calls just days after the December 16th incident. Plaintiff also notes that he participated in the prison's administrative remedy procedure but his appeal from the initial adverse recommendation was denied and "rubber stamped by the institution, then again in Raleigh at the Regional level." (Doc. No. 1: Complaint at 5). The prisoner trust statement provides that there were no sick calls placed by the Plaintiff after he was X-rayed until weeks later. Additionally, Plaintiff's complaint describes no sick calls, emergency or otherwise, after the December 19th call that were addressed to his alleged ingestion of foreign objects, yet he insists that the failure to follow "medical protocol" has ...