United States District Court, E.D. North Carolina, Western Division
November 24, 2014
MICHAEL RANKINS, Plaintiff,
CITY OF WINDSOR, et al., Defendants.
JAMES C. FOX, Senior District Judge.
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration [DE-12]. Plaintiff filed this civil action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Compl. [DE-l]. This court dismissed the action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) on June 5, 2014. On July 3, 2014, Plaintiff filed the instant motion for reconsideration [DE-12], requesting that this court reconsider its June 5, 2014 Order. Also on July 3, 2014, Plaintiff filed a Notice of Appeal [DE-13].
As a general rule, the filing of a notice of appeal divests the district court of jurisdiction. Griggs v. Provident Consumer Disc. Co., 459 U.S. 56, 58 (1982) (per curiam). Even so, the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure explicitly recognize an exception, and Rule 4(a)(4)(B)(i) allows this court to decide the instant Petition for Reconsideration while the appeal is pending. See Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(4)(B)(i) (setting forth the procedures for the effect of a motion on a notice of appeal); see also Wheeler v. Accrediting Council for Continuing Educ. & Training, 70 F.3d 114, 114 (4th Cir. 1995) (per curiam) (holding that the pro se plaintiffs notice of appeal was not effective until the motion for new trial was resolved).
Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure permits a court to alter or amend a judgment. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e). The decision to alter or amend a judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e) is within the sound discretion of the district court. See, e.g., Dennis v. Columbia Colleton Med. Ctr., Inc., 290 F.3d 639, 653 (4th Cir. 2002); Hughes v. Bedsole, 48 F.3d 1376, 1382 (4th Cir. 1995). The Fourth Circuit has recognized three reasons for granting a motion to alter or amend a judgment under Rule 59(e): "(1) to accommodate an intervening change in controlling law; (2) to account for new evidence not available [previously]; or (3) to correct a clear error oflaw or prevent manifest injustice." Zinkand v. Brown, 478 F.3d 634, 637 (4th Cir. 2007) (quotations omitted); see also Bogart v. Chapell, 396 F.3d 548, 555 (4th Cir. 2005); Pac. Ins. Co. v. Am. Nat'l Fire Ins. Co., 148 F.3d 396, 403 (4th Cir. 1998). Presumably, Plaintiff seeks to correct a clear error of law or prevent manifest injustice. However, the arguments presented in his motion for reconsideration fail to satisfy the standard to alter or amend a judgment. As the court noted in its June 5, 2014 order, Plaintiff contends that prison officials at Bertie Martin Regional Jail ("Bertie") were deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs. However, Plaintiff is no longer detained at Bertie. "Threats of imminent danger relating to a specific institution or specific employees at the institution cease when the plaintiff is transferred to another facility." Smith v. Danforth, No.7: 12-CV-23 HL, 2012 WL 5422358, at *3 (M.D. Ga. Oct. 11, 2012); see also, Gould v. Owens, No. 7:10-CV-95 HL, 2011 WL 3347907 (M.D. Ga. July 6, 2011) (same); Whigham v. Eve, No. 5:08CV175/SPMIEMT, 2008 WL 2694788, at 3 (N.D. Fla. June 30, 2008) (any threat of imminent danger ceased when plaintiff was transferred to another institution); Young v. Sisneroz, No. C03-3446 VRW(PR), 2003 WL 22159059 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 12, 2003) (finding no imminent danger "for an action for damages for past wrongdoing at a jail in which the plaintiff [was] no longer detained"). In his motion for reconsideration, Plaintiff concedes that he is no longer detained at Bertie. Accordingly, Plaintiffs request shall be denied under Rule 59(e).
Alternatively, to the extent that Plaintiff may be requesting relief under Rule 60(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, such request is also denied. Rule 60(b) authorizes the court to "relieve a party... from a final judgment, order, or proceeding for... mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect;... [or] fraud..., misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(b)(1), (3). Under Rule 60(b), "a moving party must show that his motion is timely, that he has a meritorious [claim or defense]..., and that the opposing party will not be unfairly prejudiced by having the judgment set aside." Nat'l Credit Union Admin. Bd. v. Gray, 1 F.3d 262, 264 (4th Cir. 1993) (quotations omitted); see Augusta Fiberglass Coatings, Inc. v. Fodor Contracting Corp., 843 F.2d 808, 810 (4th Cir. 1988) (per curiam). If a party meets these threshold conditions, "he must satisfy one of the six enumerated grounds for relief under Rule 60(b)." Gray, 1 F.3d at 266. The court concludes that Plaintiffhas not met the requisite threshold showings. Consequently, he is not entitled to reliefunder Rule 60(b).
For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiffs motion for reconsideration [DE-8] is DENIED.