United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Charlotte Division
December 19, 2014
STEVIE PERKALE LEE
ROBERT J. CONRAD, Jr., District Judge.
THIS MATTER is before this Court upon the defendant's Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Territorial Jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. (Doc. No. 33).
The Court entered Judgment on the defendant's fifty-six month sentence on February 11, 2011, (Doc. No. 24), which he completed serving in June 2014. After he filed a Motion to Vacate under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, he filed the instant motion on July 30, 2012, claiming federal courts have no jurisdiction within the States of the Union. (Doc. No. 33 at 22).
The defendant has not alleged any legitimate statutory basis for relief at this stage in the proceedings; however, a person in custody may move the Court to vacate a sentence imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. The Court is required to allow a defendant the opportunity to express his intent in regard to his motion, that is, whether he intended to file under § 2255. Castro v. United States , 540 U.S. 375, 383 (2003); United States v. Blackstock , 513 F.3d 128 (4th Cir. 2008). In making these determinations, the defendant should be aware that the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) provides that § 2255 motions have a one-year limitation period. He should be further aware that second or successive motions under § 2255 generally are prohibited. 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Therefore, a second or successive motion would have to be certified by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to contain:
(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable fact finder would have found the movant guilty of the offense; or (2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.
28 U.S.C. § 2244. Certification for second or successive motions to vacate rarely is granted.
Because Judgment was entered in February 2011, it appears that an amendment to his Motion to Vacate under § 2255 would be subject to dismissal as untimely filed. The Fourth Circuit has directed district courts to warn pro se petitioners prior to dismissing their habeas claims as untimely where the government has not filed a motion to dismiss based on the limitations period. Hill v. Braxton , 277 F.3d 701, 706 (4th Cir. 2002); United States v. Sexton, No. 02-6273, slip op. at 1 (4th Cir. Feb. 28, 2003). Therefore, the defendant should state why any amendment to his motion under § 2255 should not be dismissed as untimely.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that within twenty (20) days of the date of this Order, the defendant shall file a document:
1. stating whether or not he wants this Court to treat his Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Territorial Jurisdiction, (Doc. No. 33) as an amendment to his Motion to Vacate under § 2255; and
2. explaining why he believes the claim should be deemed timely filed.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if the defendant fails timely to respond, the Court will dismiss the motion without prejudice.