United States District Court, M.D. North Carolina
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
JOI ELIZABETH PEAKE, Magistrate Judge.
Petitioner Will Compton, a prisoner of the State of North Carolina, brings a Petition [Doc. #1] seeking a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, which Respondent opposes with a Motion to Dismiss [Doc. #4]. According to Petitioner, prison records show that, on October 11, 2010, he pled guilty to the prison disciplinary offense of escape. Petitioner denies being informed of this charge or pleading guilty to it. He claims that he believed the charge was for possessing an object that could aid in escape. Nevertheless, the charge appears in his prison records as an escape conviction. Petitioner attempted to appeal the charge, but prison authorities informed him that he had no right to appeal due to the guilty plea. On April 15, 2014, Petitioner signed and dated his Petition as having been placed in the prison mailing system. The Court received the Petition on April 17, 2014. After being ordered to answer, Respondent filed its Motion to Dismiss.
Petitioner raises four claims for relief in his Petition, all of which relate to his disciplinary conviction. First, he contends that the investigating officers did not follow proper procedures in investigating the matter. (Petition, § 12, Ground One.) Second, he claims that officers did not complete a property inventory connected to the investigation and charge. ( Id., Ground Two.) Third, he asserts prison officials did not accurately inform him of the charge against him. ( Id., Ground Three.) Finally, he alleges prison officials denied him the right to learn the substance of the evidence against him and challenge that evidence. ( Id., Ground Four.)
Statute of Limitations
Respondent seeks dismissal of Petitioner's claims on the ground that Petitioner filed them outside of the one-year limitation period, 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). In order to assess Respondent's statute of limitation argument, the Court first must determine when Petitioner's one-year period to file his § 2254 Petition commenced. In this regard, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has explained that:
Under § 2244(d)(1)(A)-(D), the one-year limitation period begins to run from the latest of several potential starting dates:
(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.
Green v. Johnson, 515 F.3d 290, 303-04 (4th Cir. 2008) (emphasis added).
Here, Petitioner is not challenging a state court judgment and makes no claim of a state-created impediment or a new constitutional right. Therefore, subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) do not apply. Instead, subparagraph (D) controls and Petitioner's one-year limitation period as to those claims commenced on "the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence, " 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(D). See generally Wade v. Robinson, 327 F.3d 328, 333 (4th Cir. 2003); Kimbrell v. Cockrell, 311 F.3d 361 (5th Cir. 2002).
Petitioner admits that he learned that the prison considered his conviction to be an escape charge on October 11, 2010, when he appeared at a hearing to adjust his custody status based on the disciplinary conviction. (Petition, §§ 6(b), 12, Ground Three.) All of his claims existed at that time and he either knew of them or could have learned of their existence through due diligence. Therefore, his year to file in this Court began to run on that date and expired a year later on October 11, 2011, without Petitioner having made any filing in this Court.[ ...