United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Asheville Division
May 20, 2015
BROOKE PETERSON, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
MARTIN REIDINGER, District Judge.
THIS MATTER is before the Court on the Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney Fees under § 406(b) of the Social Security Act [Doc. 23].
I. PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
On March 19, 2012, the Plaintiff initiated this action seeking judicial review of the Commissioner's decision to deny her application for benefits under the Social Security Act. [Doc. 1]. On February 28, 2013, this Court reversed the Commissioner's decision denying the Plaintiff's application for benefits and remanded the case to the Appeals Council for further administrative action. [Doc. 19]. On March 22, 2013, the Court awarded the Plaintiff attorney's fees in the amount of $4, 157.56 in full satisfaction of any and all claims by the Plaintiff pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) (EAJA). [Doc. 22]. The majority of this fee award, however, was seized by the U.S. Treasury Department pursuant to a lien for Plaintiff's outstanding student loan debt. [Doc. 23-2]. Thus, counsel only received $614.11 in payment for work under the EAJA.
Upon remand, the Plaintiff's claim for benefits was approved, and on May 10, 2015, the Social Security Administration issued a Notice of Award explaining that $12, 441.00, representing 25% of the Plaintiff's back benefits, was being withheld from the Plaintiff's award to be applied to the payment of attorney's fees in this case. [Doc. 23-1].
Plaintiff's counsel now seeks an award of $4, 254.25 in fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1). [Doc. 23]. The Defendant does not oppose the Plaintiff's request. [Id.].
There are two avenues by which a Social Security benefits claimant may be awarded attorney's fees. First, claimants may seek a fee award under the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) (EAJA), which provides that "a court shall award to a prevailing party other than the United States fees and other expenses... incurred by that party in any civil action (other than cases sounding in tort), including proceedings for judicial review of agency action, brought by or against the United States in any court having jurisdiction of that action...." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). Second, a claimant may seek an award pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), which provides that "[w]henever a court renders a judgment favorable to a claimant... who was represented before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment...." 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A).
While attorney's fees may be awarded under both the EAJA and § 406(b), the Social Security Act requires that the attorney must refund to the claimant the smaller fee. "Thus, an EAJA award offsets an award under Section 406(b), so that the amount of the total past-due benefits the claimant actually receives will be increased by the EAJA award up to the point the claimant receives 100 percent of the past-due benefits." Stephens ex rel. R.E. v. Astrue, 565 F.3d 131, 134-35 (4th Cir. 2009) (quoting Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 796 (2002)).
The Court finds that the services rendered in this Court were appropriate and reasonable for the relief sought. In fact, the requested award represents far less than 25% of the back benefits awarded to the Plaintiff by the Social Security Administration. Accordingly, the Motion for Attorney's Fees under the Social Security Act is granted.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that the Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney Fees under § 406(b) of the Social Security Act [Doc. 23] is hereby GRANTED and an award of attorney's fees in the amount of Four Thousand Two Hundred Fifty-Four Dollars and Twenty-Five Cents ($4, 254.25) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A) is hereby approved.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that upon receipt of the § 406(b) fees, Plaintiff's counsel is hereby instructed to return to the Plaintiff the sum of Six Hundred Fourteen Dollars and Eleven Cents ($614.11), representing the fee that counsel previously received pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d).
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a copy of this Order be provided to the Social Security Administration in order to effectuate payment of the award from past due benefits which have been withheld for such purpose pursuant to Title II of the Social Security Act.
IT IS SO ORDERED.