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Bailey v. United States

United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Asheville Division

June 22, 2015

JAMES W. BAILEY, JR., Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent. Criminal No. 1:11-cr-00010-MR-DLH

MEMORANDUM OF DECISION AND ORDER

MARTIN REIDINGER, District Judge.

THIS MATTER is before the Court on Petitioner's Motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence [Doc. 1].

I. PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

On February 1, 2011, the Petitioner James W. Bailey, Jr. was charged in a Bill of Information with filing false tax returns, in violation of 26 U.S.C. § 7206(l) (Count One); committing mail fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1341 (Count Two); and committing securities fraud, in violation of 15 U.S.C. §§ 78j(b) and 78ff, 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5, and 18 U.S.C. § 2 (Count Three). [Criminal Case No. 1:11-cr-00010-MR-DLH ("CR"), Doc. 1]. On February 16, 2011, the Petitioner pleaded guilty to the Bill of Information pursuant to a written plea agreement. [CR Doc. 3].[1]

In June 2012, the parties presented the Court with a corrected plea agreement, which modified paragraph 6(c) to read as follows: "The parties agree that either party may seek a departure or variance from the applicable guideline range' (U.S.S.G. § 5C1.1)." [Doc. 556 at 2].[2] On June 28, 2012, the parties appeared by the Magistrate Judge for a hearing on the corrected plea agreement. Out of an abundance of caution, the Magistrate Judge conducted a second hearing pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, during which the Petitioner confirmed under oath that the corrected plea agreement accurately reflected the original plea bargain negotiated by the parties. [CR Doc. 564 at 32].

On February 27, 2013, this Court sentenced the Petitioner to a term of 240 months' imprisonment on Count One; a term of 240 months' imprisonment on Count Two, with the first 96 months to be served concurrently and the remaining 144 months to be served consecutively to the term on Count One; and a term of 36 months' imprisonment on Count Three, to be served concurrently with Counts One and Two, for a term total term of 384 months' imprisonment. [CR Doc. 609 at 2]. The Court subsequently entered an Amended Judgment ordering the Petitioner to pay over $15 million in restitution to his victims. [CR Doc. 634: Amended Judgment].

The Petitioner appealed to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals. On appeal, the Petitioner argued that the Court erred in accepting the corrected plea agreement because the agreement's new provisions were not supported by independent consideration. The Court of Appeals rejected the Petitioner's argument and affirmed the Amended Judgment, noting that at the second Rule 11 hearing the Petitioner "personally confirmed that the corrected plea agreement accurately reflected the intent of the parties at the time that the original plea was entered." United States v. Bailey, 549 F.Appx. 171, 172 (4th Cir. 2013) (per curiam). The Petitioner did not file a petition for writ of certiorari.

On December 8, 2014, the Petitioner filed the present motion to vacate pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. [Doc. 1]. In his motion, the Petitioner asserts that counsel was ineffective "for allowing the Government to amend the plea agreement in its favor" and in "failing to object to the sentence imposed by the Court and its consecutive adjustment upward." [Id. at 4].[3]

III. STANDARD OF REVIEW

Pursuant to Rule 4(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings, sentencing courts are directed to promptly examine motions to vacate, along with "any attached exhibits and the record of prior proceedings" in order to determine whether a petitioner is entitled to any relief. Having considered the entire record in this matter, the Court concludes that Petitioner is not entitled to relief and that this matter can be resolved without an evidentiary hearing. Raines v. United States, 423 F.2d 526, 529 (4th Cir. 1970).

IV. DISCUSSION

The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees that in all criminal prosecutions, the accused has the right to the assistance of counsel for his defense. See U.S. CONST. amend. VI. To show ineffective assistance of counsel, Petitioner must first establish a deficient performance by counsel and, second, that the deficient performance prejudiced him. See Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687-88 (1984). In making this determination, there is "a strong presumption that counsel's conduct falls within the wide range of reasonable professional assistance." Id. at 689; see also United States v. Luck, 611 F.3d 183, 186 (4th Cir. 2010).

Furthermore, in considering the prejudice prong of the analysis, the Court "can only grant relief under... Strickland if the result of the proceeding was fundamentally unfair or unreliable.'" Sexton v. French, 163 F.3d 874, 882 (4th Cir. 1998) (quoting Lockhart v. Fretwell, 506 U.S. 364, 369 (1993)). Under these circumstances, the petitioner "bears the burden of affirmatively proving prejudice." Bowie v. Branker, 512 F.3d 112, 120 (4th Cir. 2008). If the petitioner fails to meet this burden, a "reviewing court need not even consider the performance prong." United States v. Rhynes, 196 F.3d 207, 232 (4th Cir. 1999), opinion vacated on other grounds, 218 F.3d 310 (4th Cir. 2000).

The Petitioner first contends that counsel was ineffective in "allowing the Government to amend the plea agreement in its favor." [Doc. 1 at 4]. The Petitioner, however, suffered no prejudice from the amendment of the plea agreement. As admitted by the Petitioner under oath at his second Rule 11 hearing, the plea agreement was corrected in order to more accurately reflect the original agreement of the parties. While the corrected plea agreement allowed for either party to seek a departure or variance from the Guidelines range recommended in the PSR, the Government did not seek an upward departure or variance. Instead, the Government requested only that the Petitioner be sentenced near the top of the recommended Guidelines range. [See CR Doc. ...


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