United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Asheville Division
REIDINGER UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
MATTER is before the Court on the motion of the United States
requesting that the Court enter an order again holding this
action in abeyance. [CV Doc. 6]. According to the
government's motion, defense counsel consents to its
was convicted of bank robbery, in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§ 2113(a); bank robbery by use of a dangerous weapon, in
violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2113(d); possession of a
firearm in relation to a crime of violence, in violation of
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(ii); and felon in possession of
a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g). [CR Doc.
21]. The presentence report noted that Petitioner had two
prior qualifying convictions that triggered the Career
Offender enhancement under section 4B1.2 of the Sentencing
Guidelines: a 1977 North Carolina conviction for robbery with
a dangerous weapon and a 1996 North Carolina conviction for
escape. The Court sentenced Petitioner as a Career Offender
to a total term of imprisonment of 444 months.
21, 2016, Petitioner commenced this action by filing a
petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. [CV Doc. 1]. In
his petition, Petitioner contends that, in light of
Johnson v. United States, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), his
prior North Carolina conviction for escape no longer
qualifies as a “crime of violence” under the
Guidelines. [Id. at 3-4]. Consequently, Petitioner
argues his Career Offender designation is improper and thus
his sentence is unlawful. [Id.].
response to the petition, the government filed a motion to
hold this proceeding in abeyance pending the Supreme
Court's decision in Beckles v. United States,
616 Fed.Appx. 415 (11th Cir.), cert. granted, 2016
WL 1029080 (U.S. June 27, 2016) (No. 15-8544). [CV Doc. 3].
One of the questions presented in Beckles was
whether Johnson applies retroactively to cases
collaterally challenging federal sentences enhanced under the
residual clause in U.S.S.G. § 4B1.2(a)(2). The residual
clause invalidated in Johnson is identical to the
residual clause in the Career Offender provision of the
Guidelines, § 4B1.2(a)(2) (defining “crime of
violence”). This Court granted the government's
motion and held this matter in abeyance pending the
Beckles decision. The government was granted sixty
(60) days after the Beckles decision to file a
response to Petitioner's motion to vacate. [CV Doc. 4].
March 6, 2017, the Supreme Court issued its decision in
Beckles, holding that “the advisory
[Sentencing] Guidelines are not subject to vagueness
challenges under the Due Process Clause” and that
Johnson, therefore, does not apply to invalidate the
residual clause of the career-offender Guideline. 137 S.Ct.
886, 890, 895 (2017). In the wake of Beckles,
Petitioner filed a supplemental brief in support of his
motion to vacate, in which he argues that Beckles
does not resolve his claim for relief because he was
sentenced when the Sentencing Guidelines were mandatory,
rather than advisory. [CV Doc. 5 at 1].
government contends that the Fourth Circuit has heard oral
argument in United States v. Brown, No. 16-7056 (4th
Cir.), in which the defendant has argued that his
career-offender sentence should be vacated under
Johnson because he was classified as a career
offender based on the residual clause of the career-offender
guideline when the Guidelines were mandatory. The government
argues that the Fourth Circuit's decision in
Brown may be dispositive of Petitioner's claim
for relief under Johnson. Even if not dispositive of
Petitioner's entire claim, the government argues, the
Brown decision will be dispositive of certain of the
legal issues posed by Petitioner's motion to vacate.
upon the reasons given by the government, and without
objection by Petitioner, the Court concludes that the
government's motion should be granted.
THEREFORE, ORDERED that the government's motion to place
this case in abeyance [CV Doc. 6], is hereby GRANTED and this
matter is hereby held in abeyance pending the Fourth
Circuit's decision in United States v. Brown,
No. 16-7056 (4th Cir.). Thereafter, the government shall have
45 days from the date the Fourth Circuit decides
Brown within which to file its response in this
 Citations to the record herein contain
the relevant document number referenced preceded by either
the letters “CV” denoting the document is listed
on the docket in the civil case file number 1:16-cv-00197-MR,
or the letters “CR” denoting the document is
listed on ...