United States District Court, W.D. North Carolina, Statesville Division
DARRELL W. HELMS, JR., Plaintiff,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM AND RECOMMENDATION
L. Howell United States Magistrate Judge
matter is before the Court on the parties' cross motions
for summary judgment (# 10, 12). Plaintiff brought this
action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) to obtain judicial
review of the final decision by the Commissioner of Social
Security (“Commissioner”) denying his claim for
disability benefits. The issues have been fully briefed, and
the matter is now ripe for ruling. For the reasons set forth
below, the Court recommends that Plaintiff's motion for
summary judgment be granted and the Commissioner's motion
for summary judgment be denied.
16, 2013, Plaintiff filed a Title II application for a period
of disability and disability insurance benefits. (Transcript
of Administrative Record (“T.”) 181.) On the same
day, Plaintiff protectively-filed a Title XVI application for
supplemental security income. (T. 181.) In both applications,
Plaintiff alleged a disability onset date of May 2, 2013. (T.
Social Security Administration denied Plaintiff's claims
initially on September 13, 2013, and the claims were denied
upon reconsideration on December 6, 2013. (T. 181.) On
January 17, 2014, Plaintiff filed a written request for a
hearing. (T. 181.)
23, 2015, a video hearing was held before an Administrative
Law Judge (“ALJ”).(T. 181.) On July 14, 2015, the
ALJ issued a decision finding that Plaintiff was not disabled
from May 2, 2013, through the date of his decision, July 14,
2015. (T. 194-95.)
requested review of the ALJ's July 14, 2015, decision.
(T. 1.) The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff's request
for review. (T. 1-4.) On December 23, 2016, Plaintiff filed
the instant action seeking review of the Commissioner's
final decision. See Compl. (# 1).
Standard for Determining Disability
individual is disabled for purposes of receiving disability
payments if he or she is unable to “engage in any
substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment which can be
expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be
expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12
months.” 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A); accord
Mastro v. Apfel, 270 F.3d 171, 176 (4th Cir. 2001). The
Commissioner undertakes a five-step inquiry to determine
whether a claimant is disabled. Johnson v. Barnhart,
434 F.3d 650, 653 (4th Cir. 2005) (per curiam). Under the
five-step sequential evaluation, the Commissioner must
consider each of the following, in order: (1) whether the
claimant has engaged in substantial gainful employment; (2)
whether the claimant has a severe impairment; (3) whether the
claimant's impairment is sufficiently severe to meet or
exceed the severity of one or more of the listing of
impairments contained in Appendix 1 of 20 C.F.R. Part 404,
subpart P; (4) whether the claimant can perform his or her
past relevant work; and (5) whether the claimant is able to
perform any other work considering his or her age, education,
and residual functional capacity (“RFC”). 20
C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920; Mastro, 270
F.3d at 177; Johnson, 434 F.3d at 653 n.1.
first two steps of the sequential evaluation, the burden is
on the claimant to make the requisite showing. Monroe v.
Colvin, 826 F.3d 176, 179 (4th Cir. 2016). If a claimant
fails to satisfy his or her burden at either of these first
two steps, the ALJ will determine that the claimant is not
disabled and the process comes to an end. Mascio v.
Colvin, 780 F.3d 632, 634-35 (4th Cir. 2015). The burden
remains on the claimant at step three to demonstrate that the
claimant's impairments satisfy a listed impairment and,
thereby, establish disability. Monroe, 826 F.3d at
claimant fails to satisfy his or her burden at step three,
however, then the ALJ must still determine the claimant's
RFC. Mascio, 780 F.3d at 635. After determining the
claimant's RFC, the ALJ proceeds to step four in order to
determine whether the claimant can perform his or her past
relevant work. Id. The burden is on the claimant to
demonstrate that he or she is unable to perform past work.
Monroe, 826 F.3d at 180. If the ALJ determines that
a claimant is not capable of performing past work, then the
ALJ proceeds to step five. Mascio, 780 F.3d at 635.
five, the ALJ must determine whether the claimant can perform
other work. Id. The burden rests with the
Commissioner at step five to prove by a preponderance of the
evidence that the claimant is capable of performing other
work that exists in significant numbers in the national
economy, taking into account the claimant's RFC, age,
education, and work experience. Id.;
Monroe, 826 F.3d at 180. Typically, the Commissioner
satisfies her burden at step five through the use of the
testimony of a vocational expert (“VE”), who
offers testimony in response to a hypothetical question from
the ALJ that incorporates the claimant's limitations.
Mascio, 780 F.3d at 635; Monroe, 826 F.3d
at 180. If the Commissioner satisfies her burden at step
five, then the ALJ will find that the claimant is not
disabled and deny the application for disability benefits.
Mascio, 780 F.3d at 635; Monroe, 826 F.3d
The ALJ's Decision
July 14, 2015, decision, the ALJ ultimately found that
Plaintiff was not disabled under Sections 216(i), 233(d), and
1614(a)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act. (T. 194.) In
support of ...