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United States v. Jarrell

United States District Court, M.D. North Carolina

April 4, 2018

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
JOHN JOSEPH JARRELL

          MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

          JOE L. WEBSTER, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         This matter is before the court upon the Government's motion to revoke pretrial release. (Docket Entry 78.) The Government asserts that Defendant John Joseph Jarrell ("Defendant") has committed offenses in violation of his pretrial release conditions. On March 19, 2018, the undersigned ordered that an arrest warrant be issued for the arrest of Defendant. (Docket Entry 80.) The case was thereafter brought before the court for a hearing pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3148(b). At the hearing, the undersigned ordered that Defendant be detained pending further proceedings in this matter.

         I. BACKGROUND

         On September 25, 2017, a federal grand jury for this district indicted Defendant on one count of knowingly, intentionally, and unlawfully distributing quantities of a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). The Government initially moved for pre-trial detention, but withdrew its motion and agreed to certain release conditions including, but not limited to the following:

(7) The defendant must: . . .
(a) submit to supervision by and report for supervision to the Probation Officer as directed.
(m) not use or unlawfully possess a narcotic drug or other controlled substances . . . unless prescribed by a licensed medical practitioner.
(n) submit to testing for a prohibited substance if required by the pretrial services office or supervising officer. Testing may be used with random frequency and may include urine testing .... The defendant must not obstruct, attempt to obstruct, or tamper with the efficacy and accuracy of prohibited substance screening or testing.
(s) Refrain from obstructing or attempting to obstruct or tamper, in any fashion, with the efficiency and accuracy of any prohibited substance testing which is required as a condition of release.

(Docket Entry 21 at 2.)

         On March 16, 2018, the Government moved to revoke pretrial release. (Docket Entry 78.) At the revocation hearing, United States Probation Officer Nathan Bradley, who reviewed Defendant's probation file and supervised Defendant, testified as to Defendant's violations. Officer Bradley testified that he began supervising Defendant on September 27, 2017. Based on Defendant's report that he had last used drugs on September 19, 2017, Officer Bradley referred Defendant to substance abuse treatment. Defendant participated as directed from October, 2017 through December, 2017. In January, 2018 Defendant missed some sessions with his substance abuse counselor; Defendant attended only one session in February, 2018.

         On March 6, 2018 Defendant failed to report to the probation officer as directed. On March 13, 2018, Officer Bradley conducted an unannounced field visit at the home of Defendant's girlfriend and co-Defendant. Officer Bradley found Defendant there and ordered Defendant to report to the probation office on March 15, 2018. On March 15, 2018, Defendant reported some forty-five minutes late for his appointment. Defendant was instructed to submit to a urine test. As Officer Bradley observed the test, he noticed that Defendant appeared to have a device hidden under his clothing intended to adulterate his urine test, that is, to submit a sample of urine that was not Defendant's own. Defendant admitted verbally and in a signed statement that he had used methamphetamine on March 13, 2018 and had attempted to adulterate his urine test on March 15, 2018.

         II. DISCUSSION

         A person who has been released pending trial pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142, "and who has violated a condition of his release, is subject to a revocation of release, an order of detention, and a prosecution for contempt of court." 18 U.S.C. § 3148(a). Once the government initiates a proceeding, the judicial officer that ordered the release can issue an arrest warrant for the arrest of the alleged violator. The alleged violator is brought before the judicial officer. 18 U.S.C. ...


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