Argued: December 11, 2018
from the United States District Court for the District of
Maryland, at Greenbelt. Roger W. Titus, Senior District
Judge., (8:04-cr-00235-RWT-1) (8:04-cr-00235-RWT-25)
Mirchandani, OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER,
Greenbelt, Maryland, for Appellant.
Elisabeth Cobb, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY,
Greenbelt, Maryland, for Appellee.
Wyda, Federal Public Defender, OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC
DEFENDER, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellant.
K. Hur, United States Attorney, Stephen M. Schenning, Acting
United States Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland, David I. Salem,
Assistant United States Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES
ATTORNEY, Greenbelt, Maryland, for Appellee.
GREGORY, Chief Judge, MOTZ, and FLOYD, Circuit Judges.
GREGORY, CHIEF JUDGE
Paulette Martin and Luis Felipe Mangual Sr. both filed
motions for sentence reductions under 18 U.S.C. §
3582(c)(2) and now appeal adverse district court rulings.
Because the district court failed to provide Martin and
Mangual with individualized explanations for its rulings on
their respective motions, we vacate and remand.
convicted Martin in 2006 of various drug and drug-related
offenses in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846, 21 U.S.C.
§ 843(b), and 21 U.S.C. § 841(a). Martin served as
a leader in a drug conspiracy for at least seven years-a
conspiracy involving a large quantity of cocaine and
heroin-and even though she did not engage in violence, her
co-conspirators carried firearms. Given this information, the
Presentence Report calculated Martin's adjusted combined
offense level as a 44. Martin had only one prior conviction,
dating back to 1986 and therefore had a criminal history
category of I. The Sentencing Guidelines' calculations
recommended Martin face life imprisonment for her crimes. The
district court noted the severity of Martin's criminal
activity and sentenced her to life imprisonment, and this
Court affirmed Martin's conviction and sentence.
United States v. Martin, 452 Fed.Appx. 239 (4th Cir.
February 2015, Martin filed a pro se motion for a
sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), seeking
the benefit of Amendment 782, [*] which lowered the base offense
levels applicable to drug offenses by two offense levels.
This could afford Martin sentencing relief if her Guidelines
range were recalculated at an adjusted combined offense level
of 42 instead of her original 44. Martin asserted her
eligibility for reduction based on Amendment 782, but also
emphasized her work tutoring other inmates, the number and
variety of courses she completed while incarcerated, and her
exemplary prison record. Martin explained how she lacked any
connection to organized drug-based criminal enterprises and
that she would not be a threat to society at her age. Martin
further contended that she could possibly serve as a mentor
to misguided youth upon her release from prison. In addition
to Martin's pro se motion, the Office of the
Federal Public Defender filed a motion on her behalf, argued
that her ...