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State v. Bediz

Court of Appeals of North Carolina

December 17, 2019

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA
v.
BULENT BEDIZ

          Heard in the Court of Appeals 23 May 2019.

          Appeal by Defendant from judgment entered 13 June 2018 by Judge Stanley L. Allen in Guilford County Superior Court. No. 15 CRS 34345

          Attorney General Joshua H. Stein, by Assistant Attorney General A. Mercedes Restucha-Klem, for the State-Appellee.

          Yoder Law PLLC, by Jason Christopher Yoder, for Defendant-Appellant.

          COLLINS, JUDGE.

         Defendant Bulent Bediz appeals from judgment entered upon a jury verdict of guilty of misdemeanor simple assault. Defendant argues that the trial court (1) erred in denying his motion to dismiss because there was insufficient evidence that Defendant intentionally touched Mr. Mark Wayman with the passenger side-view mirror while parking his car, and (2) erred in denying his request for a jury instruction on the defense of accident because Defendant presented substantial evidence that he was parking and did not intend to touch Wayman with the passenger side-view mirror of his car. We affirm in part and reverse in part, ordering a new trial.

         I. Procedural History

         On 3 December 2015, Defendant was arrested and charged with misdemeanor assault with a deadly weapon pursuant to N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-33(c)(1) (2015). On 15 November 2016, at a bench trial in district court, Defendant was found guilty as charged. Defendant appealed to superior court. On 29 May 2018, Defendant's case came on for a jury trial de novo.

         At the close of the State's evidence, and again at the close of all the evidence, Defendant moved to dismiss for insufficient evidence; the trial court denied both motions. At the jury charge conference, Defendant's request for a jury instruction on the lesser-included offense of misdemeanor simple assault was granted; his request for an instruction on the defense of accident under N.C. P.I.-Crim. 307.11 was denied.

         The jury acquitted Defendant of assault with a deadly weapon, but found Defendant guilty of misdemeanor simple assault. The trial court entered judgment upon the jury's verdict, sentencing Defendant to 45 days' imprisonment, suspending the sentence, and placing Defendant on 12 months' unsupervised probation. On 5 June 2018, Defendant gave proper written notice of appeal to this Court.

         II. Factual Background

         The evidence at trial tended to show the following: Defendant owned a rental property at 808 Haywood Street in the city of Greensboro (the "Property"). The city had notified Defendant that salvaged building materials on the Property were a nuisance and needed to be removed. Defendant hired workers to clean up the property and believed that he had complied with the notice. At approximately 8:30 a.m. on 3 December 2015, Defendant was working at the Property when he saw a Greensboro city contractor sifting through the remaining salvaged materials. Defendant told the contractor to leave, and the contractor complied.

         Later that morning, Code Enforcement Supervisor Mark Wayman, who had previously interacted with Defendant, sought and executed an administrative warrant to remove the salvaged materials from the Property. Wayman requested the assistance of law enforcement in executing the warrant. Officers Watson and Wilson of the Greensboro Police Department accompanied Wayman to the scene.

         Upon arriving at the Property, the officers activated their respective body cameras; both body cameras captured footage of the subsequent events. At approximately 10:00 a.m., while Wayman, Watson, Wilson, and another city inspector were standing in the street in front of the Property, Defendant drove up in his car. As Defendant drove by the three men, Defendant's passenger side-view mirror struck Wayman in the hip. Both officers shouted at Defendant to stop and instructed him to get out of the car. Defendant stopped in the middle of the road and rolled down his window to listen to Watson. Defendant then looked away from Watson and toward the front windshield. As ...


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